Welcome to Ghana – the gateway to Africa! Bordered by Togo, Côte d’Ivoire and the Atlantic Ocean, this small but vibrant country is filled with history and cultural diversity. The Ghanaian people are known for their welcoming spirit, so get ready for a ‘Woezo’ everywhere you turn!

Learn About Ghana

Like the majority of the African continent, Ghana was formally colonized. The “Gold Coast” (named by the British) originally attracted the Portuguese to the area. The Trans-Atlantic trade route became a popular export route for gold, but also for slaves -- Cape Coast was one of the largest ports for the slave trade in West Africa. After centuries of oppression, Ghana became one of the first countries in the African continent to gain their independence, and has been one of the most politically stable countries in the region ever since. If you’re a history buff, learn even more about Ghana’s rich history.

Today, Ghana’s economy is one of the fastest-growing in Africa. They are one of the largest exporters of gold and cocoa (hot chocolate anyone?), and this economic independence has enabled a focus on access to education and meeting the basic needs of the population. One of the most recent social issues that has been at the forefront of Ghana’s politics is child labor – children are being taken out of school at an early age to help with the family farm or business. The government recognizes that is preventing the advancement of early education, and has started to put measures in place to prevent the frequency of child labor.

Ghana is abuzz with celebrations and festivities throughout the year, but one that you can count on every weekend is a wedding or a funeral. Funerals in Ghana are treated as a true celebration of life and the perfect reason to get together with friends and family. Everyone dresses to impress and many times, professional mourners are hired! The funeral business is quite lucrative throughout the country, as many people will save up their entire lives specifically for their funeral celebration. Coffin-makers line the streets of the markets and create true pieces of art for friends and family to choose from. Don’t be surprised if you get invited to one or two while you are in Ghana – it’s an honor!

The community of Ho, in the Volta Region, is a unique introduction to life in Ghana. Surrounded by green mountains, winding dirt roads, and kids playing a game of soccer, you’ll find yourself instantly welcomed into the rural lifestyle of Ghanaians. You’ll be close to the Togo border, so expect to meet traders stopping through town on their way to market days, where you can buy anything from fish to jewelry to soccer balls!

Cultural Do’s and Don’ts

Entering a new culture is an exciting and challenging experience. And just as you bring your own culture to share, it’s important to be open and respectful to the culture of those you’ll meet during your travels. You’ll often find that you have a much more positive experience if you are aware of and take into account cultural norms when meeting new people and getting to know your new community.

  • Greet people as you walk through town
  • Adapt to the Ghanaian handshake (we’ll teach you)
  • Eat with your hands (it’s standard practice)
  • Wave/exchange money with your left hand
  • Be too affectionate in public (it’s frowned upon)
  • Wear your hot pants – leave those at home

Fun Fact! Kofi Annan was born on a Friday. How do we know this? He was named under the Ewe naming system! Do you want to know your Ewe name? Check out the first training session to learn more!

Culture Shock

Picture this: You’re living in a country far from home. You can’t understand the language, and you’re trying to order food, but everything seems to be moving so slowly! Why can’t it just be like in your home country: fast and efficient?

Sometimes, these and other frustrations can build up, and you may even become angry or annoyed at with this new and unfamiliar place, its cultural norms, and its people. If this happens to you, you might be experiencing culture shock.

Culture shock can be a normal part of traveling to a new country, but it might surprise you that you can also encounter reverse culture shock when you return home. While everyone experiences some degree of culture shock, the impact that it has on your experience depends on how well prepared you are to handle its different phases. Here are some tips and tricks to get you assimilated (and re-assimilated once you’re back home) so you can enjoy every moment of your journey.

"I - I hardly know, Sir, just at the present," Alice replied rather shyly, "at least I know who I was when I got up this morning, but I think I must have been changed several times since then."
- Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

  • Have a sense humor.
    Try to see something of value in every new experience you have. While it can be challenging in the moment, try to keep it all in perspective. The ability to laugh and go with the flow are two key tools to coping with initial culture shock.
  • Expect differences.
    In any new culture, there will be some differences. If you’re prepared for there to be challenges and differences before you arrive in-country, it can make a world of difference in how you adjust.
  • ...but look for what’s the same.
    You will likely encounter differences in cultures, but you might not immediately realize the similarities. Take a moment to appreciate those attributes that make us more alike than different.
  • Keep learning.
    Immersing yourself in a new culture is a constant education. So continue making an effort to learn and understand what you’re experiencing.

Language Skills

Living and working within your new community is a great way to learn the local language. Whether you’re an advanced speaker or just learning a few key phrases, you’ll enjoy CCS-organized language lessons during your time in-country to help you through your journey. Here are a few important phrases to learn before you depart for your volunteer program. Even if your pronunciation isn’t perfect (yet), give it a try! Your attempts to connect with new friends in the local language will always be appreciated.

Here are a few key phrases to get you started:
WelcomeWoezoI am fineEee, mefo
Response to WelcomeYooooooooWhat’s your name?Nkowo de?
Good MorningNdiMy name is ...Nko nyee nye ...
Good AfternoonNdoNice to meet youNko nyee nye
Good EveningFiẽWe shall meet againMiadogo loooooo
How are you?Afemetoudo de? Or Efoa?Thank you (very much)Akpe (kakakakakakakaka)

Basic Phrases

As with learning any new language, reading phrases is helpful. But listening is one of the best ways to grasp sounds and vocabulary. Click below to hear Country Director Makafui Amenuvor begin your first Ewe language lesson.

Ready for the next level? Practice your Ewe with these online sites: » » »

Recommended Reading and Films

We believe that travel and firsthand encounters are the BEST education. But there are also plenty of resources to help you learn more about the history, travel opportunities, culture, stories, and language of Ghana so you can begin to immerse yourself even before you arrive. Here are just a few of our favorites to get you started:

Article: Trends in Ghana »
CCS Blog: Ghana »
YouTube: Portrait of a Nation »

Activities & Excursions

Between volunteering, cultural activities, navigating a new language, and immersing yourself in a brand-new culture, you’ll still have plenty of time to explore the local area and even the country during evenings and weekends with the CCS in-country staff. Our activities & excursions are an important part of your experience for exploration and self-reflection, and our in-country staff will always be there to guide you through getting to know the culture and country.

Here are a few of our favorite activities that might be included on your schedule.

Check out Lake Volta which is only a few hours outside of Hohoe, but it feels like a different world! Lake Volta is the largest man-made body of water by surface area in the world – truly impressive! (this is the only photo we have right now)

Take a swim under beautiful Wli Waterfalls! Wli is the highest falls in Western Africa and you will get to enjoy a nice afternoon lounging under the bouncing rainbows and bats circling the sky.

Spend some time in Ho to get to know your community even better – head to the bustling market on Friday afternoon to pick up some batiks and then make a quick stop by a local seamstress to get your measurements taken; in 3 days you can have yourself a whole new wardrobe! If that’s not your style, there are plenty of pick-up soccer games to join in on your way back from town!

Training Sessions

If you’re ready to start learning more, review your online Training Session below (this is required – so make sure you allocate enough time to review your training). About 2 weeks before your program begins, you’ll also want to plan on joining your Final Pre-Departure call with your group. We can’t wait for you to join us, meet your fellow volunteers, and explore all that CCS has to offer.

Training Call:
High School Volunteer Abroad in Ghana »

GO TO: Volunteering in Ho HSVA

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